Laparoscopic surgery or, in better terms, minimal invasive surgery is an operation method performed by camera and hand tools inserted into any part of body via 0,5-1 cm incisions. Basic difference from open operation is that surgical field is visualized by camera inserted into sleeves referred as “trocar” rather than naked eye and that specific laparoscopic tools inserted via trocar are used instead of hand and open surgery tools. As a consequence, although surgical principles are same and techniques are very similar, a different technology is used in minimal invasive surgery.

In technical terms, at least 20 times magnified and more detailed view provided by camera compared to naked eye and ability to view fine details of anatomic structures provide serious advantage. Moreover, we may reach and visualize invisible and unreachable regions thanks to angle cameras.